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Species in this display

Name Description
Thornback Ray

found in coastal waters of Europe and the Atlantic coast of western Africa and Mediterranean Sea coast of North Africa. It is native possibly as far south as Namibia and South Africa. Its natural habitats are open large seas and shallow seas. It is sometimes seen trapped in large estuarine pools at low tide. The thornback ray is probably one of the most common rays encountered by divers.Habitat The thornback ray is usually found on sedimentary seabeds such as mud, sand or gravel at depths between 10–60 metres (33–197 ft). Juvenile fish feed on small crustaceans, particularly amphipods and bottom-living shrimps; adults feed on crabs, shrimps and small fish.

Common Smooth Hound

The common smooth-hound (Mustelus mustelus) is a houndshark of the family Triakidae. It is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the British Isles to South Africa, and in the Mediterranean Sea, Madeira, and the Canary Islands at depths ranging from 5 m to 625 m (although they usually stay at depths between 5-50m). While they can grow to 200 cm, their usual maximum size is 150 cm. They commonly grow to 100–120 cm with a birth length around 35 cm. The reproduction of commons smooth-hounds is viviparous.

Lesser Spotted Catshark

The small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula), also known as the sandy dogfish, lesser-spotted dogfish, Rough-hound or Morgay (in Scotland and Cornwall) , is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae. It is found on the continental shelves and the uppermost continental slopes off the coasts of Norway and the British Isles south to Senegal and in the Mediterranean, between latitudes 63° N and 12° N. It can grow up to a length of 1 m (3 ft 3 in), and it can weigh more than 2 kg (4.4 lb). It is found primarily over sandy, gravelly, or muddy bottoms from depths of a few metres down to 400 m. S. canicula is one of the most abundant elasmobranchs in the Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. The majority of the populations are stable in most areas.


The nursehound (Scyliorhinus stellaris), also known as the large-spotted dogfish, greater spotted dogfish or bull huss, is a species of catshark, belonging to the family Scyliorhinidae, found in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. It is generally found among rocks or algae at a depth of 20–60 m (66–197 ft). Growing up to 1.6 m (5.2 ft) long, the nursehound has a robust body with a broad, rounded head and two dorsal fins placed far back. It shares its range with the more common and closely related small-spotted catshark (S. canicula), which it resembles in appearance but can be distinguished from, in having larger spots and nasal skin flaps that do not extend to the mouth. Nursehounds have nocturnal habits and generally hide inside small holes during the day, often associating with other members of its species. A benthic predator, it feeds on a range of bony fishes, smaller sharks, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Like other catsharks, the nursehound is oviparous in reproduction. Females deposit large, thick-walled egg cases, two at a time, from March to October, securing them to bunches of seaweed. The eggs take 7–12 months to hatch. Nursehounds are marketed as food in several European countries under various names, including "flake", "catfish", "rock eel", and "rock salmon". It was once also valued for its rough skin (called "rubskin"), which was used as an abrasive. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed the nursehound as Near Threatened, as its population in the Mediterranean Sea seems to have declined substantially from overfishing.

Tub Gurnard

The tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucerna (also C. lucernus, Trigla lucerna, T. corax) is a species of bottom-dwelling coastal fish with a spiny armored head and fingerlike pectoral fins used for crawling along the sea bottom. The tub gurnard is a reddish fish with blue pectoral fins. It is a coastal species, prevalent in the Mediterranean Sea (especially the western Mediterranean and the northern Aegean) and the Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Cape Blanc. It is also present, though less common, in the Black Sea, the southern Baltic and the eastern Mediterranean.


The European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is a right-eyed flounder belonging to the Pleuronectidae family. They are a commercially important flatfish which lives on the sandy bottoms of the European shelf. They range geographically from the Barents Sea to the Mediterranean. European plaice are characterised by their smooth brown skin, with distinctive red spots and bony ridge behind the eyes. They feed on polychaetes, crustaceans and bivalves and can be found at depths up to 200 metres. At night they move into shallow waters to feed, and during the day they bury themselves in the sand. Their maximum recorded length is 100 cm (39.4 inches), and maximum reported age 50 years.


Turbot are a large flatfish, and generally prefer sandy and muddy seabeds. They can also be found around light mixed and broken ground, and will even be found around rough ground if a source of food is present there. Turbot come into shallower water in the spring and early summer and this is by far the best time for the shore angler to target them. They will, however, be turbot to be caught for most of the rest of the year, with only the coldest few months of winter seeing turbot uncatchable from the shore as they disappear into deeper water. Turbot are hunters and feed mostly on small fish. In summer they will take sandeels, sprats and even smaller mackerel which are abundant at that time of year. In winter they will feed on species such as whiting and rockling, as well as taking crabs and prawns if they are present. Turbot are very similar looking to brill, with the main differences being that turbot have an almost completely circular body and rougher skin than the brill. To complicate matters further brill and turbot hybrids are known to exist in some parts of the world.

Grey Mullet

Grey mullet have an upper lip that is thick, prominent and hard, giving it the nickname “thick-lipped” mullet. The fish belongs to a large family of marine fishes, made up of some 80 species, known collectively as Muglidae. Since the fish lives in shallow waters close to the shore, Europeans have been catching and eating mullet since antiquity. Grey mullet are dark green to bluish grey on their backs with silvery grey sides and a white belly. Six to seven distinct dark-coloured bands also run long the body lengthwise. The fish averages from two to four kilograms and is strong, sturdily built with thick, hard scales. As an algae eater, grey mullet is a very clean, vegetarian fish whose roe are also considered a delicacy. Slow-growing, long-lived and late-maturing, grey mullet is one of three mullet species which occur in northern European waters. These fish can live to a reported age of up to 25 years